The physicist Planck stated as a result of theoretical and experimental
considerations a formula for the temperature radiation energy of a black body, as function
of wavelength and temperature 1). This theory was one of
the foundations of quantum physics. Crucial was Planck's assumption of packets of energy.
Characteristic for the relationship is that for higher temperatures the wavelength with
maximum radiation energy gets smaller. This fact could not be rightly understood with the
1) Kittel 1976 p. 128.
2) k: Boltzmann constant; h: Heisenberg constant; c: light velocity.