bicorn


last updated: 20040904 
The
bicorn curve has two (bi) horns (corn), an alternative name is derived from
its resemblance to a military hat: cockedhat ^{1}^{)}. The
bicorn can be constructed as follows.
Let there be
two tangent circles C1 and C2 of equal size.
Let Q be a point on C1, and R its projection on the yaxis.
Let m be the polar inverse (a line) of C1 with respect to Q.
Then the bicorn is formed by the points P which are the intersection of m and
QR.
Sylvester (1864) was the first to investigate the curve, followed by Cayley
in 1867 and Longchamps in 1897.
notes
1) In German: Zweihorn.
In Italian: bicorno or feluca.
